Punctuation:

IMPORTANT:

(All positive feed backs is most welcome, like grammar as well as web design matter. Nobody is perfect in English Grammar(occasional mistakes not harmful!) -but ” to what extent”,it is very much important!

MinhajAquazi

An advanced level English language instructor, learner and researcher based on Latin and German for different level English.
Mail: quazimentor@yahoo.com or here directly.

Actually what I tried to imply to you, pls. find it out here, my writing comment pen name MinhajQuazi,(British Council site) as well:

http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/forum-topic/importance-english-grammar-knowledge

Though, I use AP style for punctuation including grammars, like Bangladesh has, no have(British system) only, I mean not Oxford style.

Those who want to be master in English language, he must follow the following books(writer names only) along with me:

https://quazisstepinenglishgrammar.wordpress.com/about-the-author/#comment-12 )

Unfortunately, a few educated persons can write with proper punctuation rules! Where non natives status is desperately bad. Partly because there are a lot of rules that should have gotten rid of in the boyhood.

I make sure you know only a little where you need to know at least 30 rules in “Comma” only.

Altogether, you need to have grasp 100 rules here, like, comma, semicolon, colon, dash and so on.

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12 thoughts on “Punctuation:”

  1. Before being a master in punctuation, we must make careful about the two rules that are most educated people following:
    AP style; (American Associated Press)
    Oxford style.

    You have already understood what I am saying. Personally I follow “AP style” as overall all media world follows it much.

    It is very much important to follow only one rule in a given topic without making any “Hotchpotch.”
    You might be aware that British people are now a day watching 75% movies that are “Hollywood” made!

    However, it is your tastes which form you will be followed. Just be cautious, you can’t mix them up, in a given topic or article. That’s all.

  2. Dash is three types:

    Dash
    Endash
    Emdash.
    Dash(hyphen) -, Endash–, Emdash—,

    Now, come to where and how do we use them in a sentence.

    Example:Em dash.
    Replace comma or semicolon when two independent clauses emphasize the second clause.

    Bring your own bed, chair and other necessary things for the camp—but leave the pet at home.

  3. Well, this long dash I mean em dash; you can use it 5 ways.

    However, when you are not well acquainted with sentence types, so it is difficult to grasp here.
    Please check them here, other pages as well.

    When you can use nonessential elements or parenthesis with two commas; here you can use “em dash.”(Replacement)
    Jones’s new car—Jaguar, the super car—was stolen last month!

    Abrupt break, hesitation or after thought:

    I am sure—well, fairly certain—that I locked the window—may be we should go back and check.

  4. That introduce explanatory words or parenthesis what follows the colon requires emphasize

    Like, Monica completed an article on her favorite food—Pizza!

    Like, quotation of a book line,

    “Trees love to toss and sway; they make such happy noises.”—Emily Carr.

    If you can grasp these few Em dash rules, you need not to remember many right
    there.

    Let us come to En dash: The sign is shorter than Em dash.

  5. Like:
    Inclusive number

    Please check the pages 12–24 before joining the seminar.

    Pearson(1910–2000)

    Connect geographic name

    Maoa is between Bikrampur — Faridpur boarder.

    Announcement of scores

    NBA beats LFA 3–2 today!

    Unhyphenated compound you can use en dash.

  6. Spans of time

    Use en dash for spans of time to link two figures that represent a continuous sequence. Do not put a space on either side of the en dash.

    Lunch—1:00 p.m.—2:00 p.m.
    Plenary session—2:00p.m.—3:00 p.m.
    Closing— 4:00 p.m.—4:30 p.m.

    If there is preposition, no need usage en dash here:

    We will meet between 2:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m.

    Not as like 2:00 p.m. — 3:00 p.m.

    The concert is from 10:00 a.m.to 3:p.m.

    Not as like 10:00 a.m.—3:00 p.m.

  7. Commas
    If two clauses are strong, use conjunction with comma. Or, use
    only semicolon.

    What does it mean a strong clause? It is an independent clause.
    There are only few conjunctions that indicate the independent clause.

    These conjunctions are: and, for, or, nor and so.
    Like, we respect our parents everywhere, and students respect their teachers too.
    If we don’t use conjunction or semicolon with strong clause, it calls “Commas” splice or “Run on sentence.”

    This is wrong to make a sentence.

    However, if a sentence is short, no need to use any comma.
    Like, life is short but Art is long. (Exception)
    We must aware of all exceptions too about English language.

  8. If a sentence starts with a prepositional phrase, you must use a comma after it to make the sentence understand much. Please make sure what does it mean “Prepositional phrase.”
    Like-
    With much positive results on space exploration, scientists are now trying to explore the Mars that was once an impossible dream before conquering the moon in 1969.

    Here, with much positive results– altogether makes a prepositional phrase. However, if this phrase counts below three words, it is then the choice of a writer to use a comma or not to make clear the meaning much.

    Whatever it is, a writer shouldn’t use commas his or her own choice, here and there.
    He must use them in accordance with the certain rules of AP or Oxford style as they both are the commonest rules to the English native writers for years. These are the basic rules that present famous media are following.

  9. If the first sentence’s subject is same to the second sentence, you need not use
    any comma even as independent clause.

    He thought quickly but couldn’t get to answer.

  10. Non essential or non restrictive clause, you need comma.

    What does it mean “non restrictive clause?”

    It does mean secondary information of a sentence.

    Roger, who was a limp, was an accident several months ago.

    “Who was a limp” is nonessential information as we know he is Roger.

  11. Hesitation or contrast position, you can use a comma.

    Like: Hey! this is my portion, not yours sir.

  12. More clarity:

    The authority left the office staffs satisfied of their proper dedication.
    or

    The authority left the office staffs, satisfied of their proper dedication.

    May you identify the difference between the two sentences?

    Authority left the crew members satisfied of their dedication. It does mean, members are satisfied of their dedication. Interesting is punctuation rule is totally depended on sentence structure, participles (verbal) and clause.

    That is why those who are not well in grammar of English; most of the rules are difficult to understand for the learners. As because when a learner goes to
    over there to just get rid of or memorized, later it is impossible to the learner uses them to different sentences much! Partly, he doesn’t know the clause, structure and participle much.

    Here, we understand clearly that members are satisfied, but if we like to make it clear that “No” authority is satisfied then we must rewrite the sentence this way –Authority left the crew members, satisfied of their dedication.

    Satisfied of their dedication-altogether makes an “absolute phrase” which modifies the main clause– Authority left the crew members.

    I make sure; a learner can realize how the all grammatical rules are tied up
    each other step by step! That is why most of the educated people who are not well in English grammar–it is certain they are not good in punctuation too as all are inter related like a chain.

    One rule omitting means the whole system will be collapsed soon and the sentence making will be incorrect to the eyes of the experts in English grammar. However, a careful writer who has good grasp on grammar may
    stick on the rules from begging to end writing.

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